Just like your hair color, the type of your hair, (the texture of your hair) becomes part of you and your hair “routine” from a very early age. As an adult, you probably notice and feel that the texture of your hair is different than it was when you were five or even 12 years old. Don’t worry; it’s a normal (and sometimes unfortunate) part of growing up.
Your hair type, just like other characteristics of your hair (such as color) are part of your genetic makeup. While everyone’s hair is different, your thick brown, curly tresses may be the spitting image of your great-grandmother’s.
We will discuss the most common types of women’s hair and some of the reasons your hair type may change throughout your lifetime.
1. Straight Hair
If your hair has no curl or wave to the strand, you have straight hair. Women with straight hair are more likely to have more “oily” hair since the natural oils can easily coat the whole straight strand of hair.
Like all other types of hair, straight hair is beautiful but many straight haired women wish for curls and waves, and the only way to make this happen is with a curling iron or perm. While straight hair is relatively easy to care for, it can lack volume and be hard to style.
You may think that straight hair is straight hair, but there are three different types of straight hair.
Type 1A straight hair is fine hair. It’s soft, shiny, and wispy. It looks and feels “perfect” but often lacks volume. If you have this kind of straight hair, you can follow any of the styling tips for thin hair (such as a layered cut and color.)
If you have type 1B straight hair, it’s a little thicker than fine hair. It also has more volume and is easier to manage. Women with type 1B hair are good candidates for many of the sleek and sophisticated looks (like an updo or a slicked back look). The hair isn’t too thick to make it hard to manage and not too thin that you’ll see a lot of scalp.
Type 1C is the coarsest and thickest of all straight hair. It can be difficult to manage, and it’s the most difficult to set curls. Layered cuts that are long in length may make styling this type of hair the easiest. Short cuts work well (and feel lighter, too), but require quite a bit of maintenance.
2. Wavy Hair
If you have naturally wavy hair, your strands are completely curled, but they form more of an “S” shape than a coil. While many women with wavy hair struggle living in an in-between world of straight and curly hair, wavy hair is typically not too oily and not too dry.
Like straight hair, there are different types of wavy hair. What type of wavy hair do you have?
If you have type 2a wavy hair, you’ve got a naturally “beachy hair” look, which many women with straight hair are trying get with curling irons and lots of hair product. Type 2a has a slight bend to the hair shaft, and it doesn’t get as frizzy as other types of hair.
Since this type of hair is typically finer hair, a shoulder length cut makes the hair type most manageable.
The waves of type 2b hair are a little tighter and more defined than type 2a. Type 2b waves are prone to frizz, but the right hair product can help make this hair type a little more manageable.
If you have type 2c wavy hair, it may look like you have curly hair, as you might have loose spiral curls. While your waves probably get a ton of compliments on a “good hair day,” frizz can be your biggest enemy.
3. Curly Hair
Curly hair has more “true” curls than wavy hair. Women with curly hair can have loose ringlets or tight spirals. Like other textures of hair, there are different types of curly hair which are based on thickness and the size of the curl.
Even though curly hair can be difficult to manage at times, you don’t need (nor should you) wash your hair every day because your hair is drier than straight hair. While there are many styles and cuts you can enjoy when you have curly hair, be sure to visit a hair stylist who has a lot of experience cutting curly hair.
Type 3a curly hair is the finest and has the biggest and loosest curls. Due to the size of the curls, it’s the easiest to manage even though it’s prone to frizz (like all curly hair).
If you have type 3b curly hair, you have the springy ringlets that other women envy. Your curls aren’t too thick or too delicate. With a proper moisturizing product, you can maintain your picture perfect curls.
Type 3c curls are a bit of hybrid of bouncy and tight corkscrew curls. If you have type 3c curls, you probably notice that your curls are coarse and not as soft as you’d like. Using the right product can help soften your curls a bit.
4. Coily Hair
Coily (or kinky) hair is a variation of curly hair and women with coily hair can have a mix of “Z” and “S” shaped curls. Women with curly hair often opt to keep their hair short or have dreads, to make coily hair more manageable, but there are a variety of styles that look great. Like other textures of hair, coily hair has three types.
Type 4a coily hair has a fine texture and can often appear “wiry.” This type of coily hair appears thick due to the tightly coiled s-curls. While some women with Type 4a curls may be hesitant let their curls be as is, put away the hair straightener and let your curls do their natural thing.
Type 4b coils have more of a Z-shaped pattern (rather than the S-shape). While this type of coily hair is soft to the touch, it is also more fragile and varies in thickness.
Type 4c coily hair is very similar to 4b hair, but because there are more z-shaped curls the whole head of hair appears to have a shape (think of an afro). Sometimes, with coily hair, it’s best to embrace the natural shape of the curls rather than trying to tame or manipulate them.
5. Thick Hair
Many people assume that if they have a lot of hair, they have thick hair. While this may be true, it’s not the same for every woman. Don’t know if your hair is thick or thin? One easy way to find out (other than asking your stylist) is to take one strand of hair and put it between your thumb and forefinger, if you feel the strand, you have thick hair.
Another quick way of determining if your hair is thick is to grab a section of hair (as if you were preparing to put up a ponytail). If your scalp is barely visible, you have thick hair.
Women who have thick hair can also have straight, wavy, or curly hair. There are no “rules” when it comes to types of hair, and you’ll find that every woman has a different combination of thickness/texture.
While thick hair is often the envy of women everywhere, it can be hard to manage and feel pretty heavy. Getting a haircut with layers or getting a bob, can highlight all the best features of thick hair but make your heavy head of hair more manageable.
6. Thin/Fine Hair
If you want to determine whether or not you have thin hair (sometimes known as “fine” hair), you can try out all the “test” we mentioned earlier, and if your results are all the opposite of someone with thick hair, you probably have thin hair.
Thin hair doesn’t necessarily mean that your hair will fall out or that you’ll go completely bald, it just often looks like you have a lot less hair on your head (even if you have a lot). If you want thicker hair, you’ve probably noticed hundreds of products and formulas that are designed to thicken hair; use caution with any products that make claims to thicken your hair.
While your thin hair comes from genetics, you may also find some success with thickening your hair if you live a healthy lifestyle and eat a well-balanced diet; vitamins can help, too. If you’re eager to try out a few natural home remedies for thickening your hair, go ahead and try them out but remember that there’s no guarantee.
A layered cut with some added color is a great look for a woman with thin hair as it’s a cut that makes the hair look thick.
Some Reasons Why Your Type of Hair May Change
Did you have shiny and thick hair as a kid but now it feels thin and a little coarse? Changes in your hair, particularly as you grow older, is normal. While changes in hair can happen for a number of reasons, we will discuss some of the most common contributors.
Have you ever noticed how great a woman’s hair looks when she’s pregnant? Thanks to the extra estrogen, a woman’s hair stops shedding, and her hair is longer, fuller, and looks luxurious overall.
After the baby is born and the estrogen levels return to normal, new mothers notice excessive shedding of the hair. While this may be worrisome (and may seem like a lot), it’s making up for all the normal shedding cycles that were skipped during pregnancy.
Hormonal changes in women who aren’t pregnant can affect one’s hair and if you’re concerned, see your doctor.
Lifestyle and Diet
If your hair has become noticeably coarse and brittle, your diet could be missing something important. Eating more omega-3 fatty foods like salmon, eggs, and kale can make your hair look and feel healthier. It’s always a good idea to take a daily multivitamin, too.
Over Processed Hair
Have you spent years dying, perming, or straightening your hair? While it’s always fun to have a different hairstyle, your hair can change a lot due to over processing your hair. Your hair may never return to how it was before processing, but you can give it a break and a little TLC to help it bounce back to life a bit.
As you age, there’s a good chance that you will see more gray or white hairs taking over on your head. Gray hair is coarse and a little drier than what you might be used to with your hair type. While there’s not much you can do to prevent grays; you can use products that make your hair type a little softer and manageable.
Other causes of changes in a woman’s type of hair may include chemotherapy treatments or certain types of medication. While a hair type may not return to its original type after medications or treatments are completed, women should talk with their doctor if they have any concerns about their hair.
Loving Your Hair As Is
Your hair type makes you as unique as other features on your body. While there are many things that you might wish you could change about your hair type, there are some great things you can embrace and appreciate.
Today, there are many natural and gentle hair products (and a lot of knowledgeable stylists) that can help you make the most of the hair type you were born with and wear it with confidence.